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Journal Articles

In no particular order using no particular citation format

Gneezy, Uri, John A. List, Jeffrey A. Livingston, Xiangdong Qin, Sally Sadoff, and Yang Xu. 2019. "Measuring Success in Education: The Role of Effort on the Test Itself." American Economic Review: Insights, 1 (3): 291-308. DOI

Alfaro, Laura, Ester Faia, Nora Lamersdorf, and Farzad Saidi. 2022. “Health Externalities and Policy: The Role of Social Preferences.” Management Science, 68(9): 6751- 6761 DOI

Alesina, Alberto, and Paola Giuliano. 2015. "Culture and Institutions." Journal of Economic Literature, 53 (4): 898-944. link

Guiso, Luigi, Paola Sapienza, and Luigi Zingales. 2006. "Does Culture Affect Economic Outcomes?" Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20 (2): 23-48. link

Blake, Khandis R., Brock Bastian, Thomas F. Denson, Pauline Grosjean, and Robert C. Brooks. "Income inequality not gender inequality positively covaries with female sexualization on social media." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115, no. 35 (2018): 8722-8727. DOI

Young, Alwyn. “A Tale of Two Cities: Factor Accumulation and Technical Change in Hong Kong and Singapore.” NBER Macroeconomics Annual 7 (1992): 13-54. DOI.

Lamoreaux, Naomi R., Daniel M. G. Raff, and Peter Temin. “Beyond Markets and Hierarchies: Toward a New Synthesis of American Business History.” The American Historical Review 108, no. 2 (2003): 404-33. DOI

Nunn, Nathan, and Leonard Wantchekon. 2011. "The Slave Trade and the Origins of Mistrust in Africa." American Economic Review, 101 (7): 3221-52. DOI

Meng, Lingsheng, Yunbin Zhang, and Ben Zou. "The motherhood penalty in China: Magnitudes, trends, and the role of grandparenting." Journal of Comparative Economics 51, no. 1 (2023): 105-132. DOI

Chernozhukov, Victor, and Christian Hansen. "The reduced form: A simple approach to inference with weak instruments." Economics Letters 100, no. 1 (2008): 68-71. DOI

Schneider, Florian H., Pol Campos-Mercade, Stephan Meier, Devin Pope, Erik Wengström, and Armando N. Meier. "Financial incentives for vaccination do not have negative unintended consequences." Nature (2023): 1-8. Link

Reyes, Gérman. 2022. "Cognitive Endurance, Talent Selection, and the Labor Market Returns to Human Capital" Link

Schuh, Rachel. 2022. "Miss-Allocation: The Value of Workplace Gender Composition and Occupational Segregation" Link

Park, M., Leahey, E. & Funk, R.J. Papers and patents are becoming less disruptive over time. Nature 613, 138-144 (2023).

Gertler, Paul, and Tadeja Gracner. 2022. “The Sweet Life: The Long-Term Effects of a Sugar-Rich Early Childhood.” w30799. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. DOI
This paper is actually wild.

Chen, M. Keith, Peter E. Rossi, Judith A. Chevalier, and Emily Oehlsen. "The value of flexible work: Evidence from Uber drivers." Journal of Political Economy 127, no. 6 (2019): 2735-2794. DOI

Steegen, Sara, Francis Tuerlinckx, Andrew Gelman, and Wolf Vanpaemel. “Increasing Transparency Through a Multiverse Analysis.” Perspectives on Psychological Science 11, no. 5 (2016): 702-12. JSTOR

Maier, Johannes Karl-Georg and König, Clemens, A Model of Reference-Dependent Belief Updating (November 03, 2016). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 6156, SSRN link

Stango, Victor, and Jonathan Zinman. 2022. “We Are All Behavioural, More, or Less: A Taxonomy of Consumer Decision-Making.” The Review of Economic Studies, August, rdac055. DOI.

Gagliarducci, Stefano, Massimiliano Gaetano Onorato, Francesco Sobbrio, and Guido Tabellini. 2020. "War of the Waves: Radio and Resistance during World War II." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 12 (4): 1-38. DOI

Cohen, Dov, Emily Kim, and Nathan W. Hudson. “Religion, the Forbidden, and Sublimation.” Current Directions in Psychological Science 23, no. 3 (June 2014): 208-14. DOI.

Li, Wei, and Xu Tan. 2020. “Locally Bayesian Learning in Networks.” Theoretical Economics 15 (1): 239–78. DOI

Haan, Marco A., Pim Heijnen, Lambert Schoonbeek, and Linda A. Toolsema. 2012. “Sound Taxation? On the Use of Self-Declared Value.” European Economic Review 56 (2): 205-15.DOI
     How does game theory help us figure out taxation in 16th century Denmark?

Aggarwal, S., R. Dizon-Ross, and A. D. Zucker (2020, May). Incentivizing behavioral change: The role of time preferences. Working Paper 27079, National Bureau of Economic Research. NBER title link

Thomson, William. “Children Crying at Birthday Parties. Why?” Economic Theory 31, no. 3 (2007): 501–21. JSTOR link
     This is one of those econ theory papers that's like "We solved this insane puzzle that we created." It's fun though!

Bradley, V.C., Kuriwaki, S., Isakov, M. et al. Unrepresentative big surveys significantly overestimated US vaccine uptake. Nature 600, 695–700 (2021). DOI

Nicola Gennaioli, Andrei Shleifer, What Comes to Mind, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Volume 125, Issue 4, November 2010, Pages 1399–1433, DOI

Wang, Shaoda, and David Y. Yang. 2021. “Policy Experimentation in China: The Political Economy of Policy Learning.” Working Paper 29402. National Bureau of Economic Research NBER link,

Eyster, Erik, Shengwu Li, and Sarah Ridout. 2022. “A Theory of Ex Post Rationalization.” ArXiv:2107.07491 [Econ], March. ArXiv link

Roussille, Nina. 2022. "The central role of the ask gap in gender pay inequality" WP link

Ambuehl, Sandro, and B. Douglas Bernheim. 2021. “Interpreting the Will of the People: A Positive Analysis of Ordinal Preference Aggregation.” Working Paper 29389. National Bureau of Economic Research. NBER link
     More social choice theory goodies

Becker, Anke. 2021. "On the Economic Origins of Restricting Women’s Promiscuity" WP link

Dal Bó, Ernesto, and Pedro Dal Bó. 2011. “Workers, Warriors, and Criminals: Social Conflict in General Equilibrium.” Journal of the European Economic Association, 9 (4): 646–77.JSTOR link

Andrews, Michael. 2019. “Bar Talk: Informal Social Interactions, Alcohol Prohibition, and Invention.” SSRN Scholarly Paper ID 3489466. SSRN link

Barrios, John M., Yael V. Hochberg, and Hanyi Yi. 2022. “Launching with a Parachute: The Gig Economy and New Business Formation.” Journal of Financial Economics 144 (1): 22–43 DOI

Glaeser, Edward L., Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, and Andrei Shleifer. 2004. “Do Institutions Cause Growth?” Journal of Economic Growth 9 (3): 271–303. . Link.

Wen, Jaya Y. "State Employment as a Strategy of Autocratic Control in China." Working Paper, January 2022. WP Link

Nunn, Nathan. 2021. “History as Evolution.” In The Handbook of Historical Economics, 41–91. Elsevier. DOI

Banerjee, Abhijit, and Esther Duflo. 2014. “Under the Thumb of History? Political Institutions and the Scope for Action.” Working Paper 19848. National Bureau of Economic Research DOI.

Riley, Emma. 2022. “Role Models in Movies: The Impact of Queen of Katwe on Students’ Educational Attainment.” The Review of Economics and Statistics, January, 1–48. DOI
     This article is absolutely wild. They showed the movie Queen of Katwe to a bunch of Ugandan kids, and guess what? The chance that a female student fails math drops from 32% to 18%. I believe that the there is massive potential for media (broadly defined, so not just edutainment) in development.

Paola Giuliano, Nathan Nunn, Understanding Cultural Persistence and Change, The Review of Economic Studies, Volume 88, Issue 4, July 2021, Pages 1541–1581, DOI

Can, B., Csóka, P. & Ergin, E. How to choose a fair delegation?. Econ Theory 72, 1339–1373 (2021). DOI
    Social choice theorists be like: "Reports of my deaths has been greatly exaggerated"

Andrews, Michael, "Bar Talk: Informal Social Interactions, Alcohol Prohibition, and Invention" 2020. SSRN link

Mayshar, Joram, Omer Moav, and Luigi Pascali. 2021. “The Origin of the State: Land Productivity or Appropriability?” Journal of Political Economy (Just Accepted)DOI

David Schindler, Mark Westcott, Shocking Racial Attitudes: Black G.I.s in Europe, The Review of Economic Studies, Volume 88, Issue 1, January 2021, Pages 489–520,DOI
    TLDR: Places in UK where segregated black troops were stationed during WWII has more warm attitudes (as measured by implicit associating test and votes for far-right parties) towards blacks today.

Ahmad, Zofia, and Luke Chicoine. 2021. “Silk Roads to Riches: Persistence Along an Ancient Trade Network.” SSRN Scholarly Paper ID 3760490. Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network. DOI

Harcourt, A. H., A. Purvis, and L. Liles. 1995. Sperm competition: mating system, not breeding season, affects testes size of primates. Functional Ecology 9 (3): 468–476. JSTOR link

Shan, Xiaoyue. 2021. Does Minority Status Drive Women Out of Male-Dominated Fields? WP LINK
    TLDR: Women who are assigned to study groups where they are the minority are more likely to drop out of economics :(

Imbens, Guido W. 2021. "Statistical Significance, p-Values, and the Reporting of Uncertainty." Journal of Economic Perspectives, 35 (3): 157-74. DOI

Okafor, Chika O. "All Things Equal: Social Networks as a Mechanism for Discrimination." 2020. arXiv link
    TL,DR; Presuming no statistical and taste based discimination and equal ability, minority groups can still have worse outcomes in a labor market reliant on referrals and connections due to homophily.

Michalopoulos,Stelios and Xue. Melanie Meng. "Folklore." The Quarterly Journal of Economics Forthcoming, 2021. DOI Replication data Youtube Video
Super cool paper and a brief glance says that they included all of the data they used so I hope to poke around it a bit when I get the time that should be fun. Maybe even combine the dataset here with stuff Henrich has done on Kinship (See the Books section below), or the dataset from the large scale fairness study done by the nice folks at the NHH Norwegian School of Economics.

Fagereng, Andreas, Magne Mogstad, and Marte Rønning. "Why do wealthy parents have wealthy children?." Journal of Political Economy 129, no. 3 (2021): 703-756. DOI

Egger, Dennis, Johannes Haushofer, Edward Miguel, Paul Niehaus, and Michael W. Walker. "General equilibrium effects of cash transfers: experimental evidence from Kenya." No. w26600. National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019. NBER Link

Islam, Asad, Wang-Sheng Lee, and Aaron Nicholas. "The Effects of Chess Instruction on Academic and Non-Cognitive Outcomes: Field Experimental Evidence from a Developing Country." Journal of Development Economics 150, (2021): 102615 DOI

Shoshana Amyra Grossbard, J. Ignacio Gimenez-Nadal and José Alberto Molina (2014), "Racial Intermarriage and Household Production", Review of Behavioral Economics: Vol. 1: No. 4, pp 295-347. DOI
    Quote from abstract: "We find that white women married to black men devote 0.4 fewer hours per day to chores than their counterparts in all-white marriages, which is comparable to the effect of a child on their hours of chores. "

Bleemer, Zachary, and Aashish Mehta. "Will Studying Economics Make You Rich? A Regression Discontinuity Analysis of the Returns to College Major." Forthcoming in AEJ: Applied Working paper link

Seguino, Stephanie, and Nancy Brooks. “Driving While Black and Brown in Vermont: Can Race Data Analysis Contribute to Reform?” The Review of Black Political Economy 48, no. 1 (March 2021): 42–73. DOI

Heckman, James J. "Introduction to a Theory of the Allocation of Time by Gary Becker." The Economic Journal 125, no. 583 (2015): 403-409.DOI

Hale, Galina, Tali Regev, and Yona Rbinstein. "Do Looks Matter for an Academic Career in Economics?" Dropbox Link

Aguiar, Mark, Mark Bils, Kerwin Kofi Charles, and Erik Hurst. "Leisure luxuries and the labor supply of young men." Journal of Political Economy 129, no. 2 (2021): 000-000. DOI

Rubinstein, Ariel. "Dilemmas of an Economic Theorist." Econometrica 74, no. 4 (2006): 865-83. JSTOR link

Guriev, Sergei, Nikita Melnikov, and Ekaterina Zhuravskaya. "3G internet and confidence in government." Quarterly Journal of Economics Forthcoming SSRN link

Highlight on Media Related Articles:

I'm interested in media :)

Adena, M., Enikolopov, R., Petrova, M., Santarosa, V., & Zhuravskaya, E. (2015). Radio and the Rise of The Nazis in Prewar Germany *. The Quarterly Journal of Economics130(4), 1885–1939. https://doi.org/10.1093/qje/qjv030

Alatas, V., Chandrasekhar, A. G., Mobius, M., Olken, B. A., & Paladines, C. (2019). When Celebrities Speak: A Nationwide Twitter Experiment Promoting Vaccination In Indonesia (Working Paper No. 25589; Working Paper Series). National Bureau of Economic Research. https://doi.org/10.3386/w25589

Ananyev, M., Poyker, M., & Tian, Y. (2021). The safest time to fly: pandemic response in the era of Fox News. Journal of Population Economics34(3), 775–802. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00148-021-00847-0

Ang, D. (2022). The Birth of a Nation: Media and Racial Hate. HKS Faculty Research Working Paper Series RWP20-038.

Armand, A., Atwell, P., & Gomes, J. F. (2020). The Reach of Radio: Ending Civil Conflict through Rebel Demobilization. American Economic Review110(5), 1395–1429. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.20181135

Ash, E., Galletta, S., Hangartner, D., Margalit, Y., & Pinna, M. (2020). The Effect of Fox News on Health Behavior During COVID-19 [SSRN Scholarly Paper]. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3636762

Ash, E., Galletta, S., Pinna, M., & Warshaw, C. (2022). The Effect of Fox News Channel on U.S. Elections: 2000-2020 [SSRN Scholarly Paper]. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3837457

Ash, E., & Poyker, M. (2021). Conservative News Media and Criminal Justice: Evidence from Exposure to Fox News Channel [SSRN Scholarly Paper]. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3381827

Banerjee, A., La Ferrara, E., & Orozco-Olvera, V. H. (2019). The Entertaining Way to Behavioral Change: Fighting HIV with MTV (Working Paper No. 26096; Working Paper Series). National Bureau of Economic Research. https://doi.org/10.3386/w26096

Breza, E., Stanford, F.C., Alsan, M. et al. Effects of a large-scale social media advertising campaign on holiday travel and COVID-19 infections: a cluster randomized controlled trial. Nat Med 27, 1622-1628 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-021-01487-3

Chen, J. (2021). Media Representation and Racial Prejudice : Evidence from The Amos “n” Andy Show.

Clinton, J. D., & Enamorado, T. (2014). The National News Media’s Effect on Congress: How Fox News Affected Elites in Congress. The Journal of Politics76(4), 928–943. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022381614000425

Crabtree, C., & Poyker, M. (2021). Slanted media does not increase police killings (Discussion Papers No. 2021–06). Nottingham Interdisciplinary Centre for Economic. https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:not:notnic:2021-06

Djourelova, Milena. 2023. "Persuasion through Slanted Language: Evidence from the Media Coverage of Immigration." American Economic Review, 113 (3): 800-835.

DellaVigna, S., & Kaplan, E. (2007). The Fox News Effect: Media Bias and Voting. The Quarterly Journal of Economics122(3), 1187–1234. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25098871

Ferrara, E. L. (2016). Mass Media and Social Change: Can we use television to fight poverty? Journal of the European Economic Association14(4), 791–827. http://www.jstor.org/stable/43965326

Gagliarducci, S., Onorato, M. G., Sobbrio, F., & Tabellini, G. (2020). War of the Waves: Radio and Resistance during World War II. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics12(4), 1–38. https://doi.org/10.1257/app.20190410

Jacobsen, G. D. (2011). The Al Gore effect: An Inconvenient Truth and voluntary carbon offsets. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management61(1), 67–78. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeem.2010.08.002

Jensen, R., & Oster, E. (2009). The Power of TV: Cable Television and Women’s Status in India*. The Quarterly Journal of Economics124(3), 1057–1094. https://doi.org/10.1162/qjec.2009.124.3.1057

Kearney, M. S., & Levine, P. B. (2015). Media Influences on Social Outcomes: The Impact of MTV’s 16 and Pregnant on Teen Childbearing. American Economic Review105(12), 3597–3632. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.20140012

Knill, A., Liu, B., & McConnell, J. J. (2022). Media Partisanship and Fundamental Corporate Decisions. Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis57(2), 572–598. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022109021000594

La Ferrara, E., Chong, A., & Duryea, S. (2012). Soap Operas and Fertility: Evidence from Brazil. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics4(4), 1–31. https://doi.org/10.1257/app.4.4.1

Li, Z., & Martin, G. J. (2022). Media and Ideological Movements: How Fox News built the Tea Party. https://web.stanford.edu/~gjmartin/papers/fox_news_tea_party.pdf

Martin, G. J., & Yurukoglu, A. (2017). Bias in Cable News: Persuasion and Polarization. American Economic Review107(9), 2565–2599. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.20160812

Olken, B. A. (2009). Do Television and Radio Destroy Social Capital? Evidence from Indonesian Villages. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics1(4), 1–33. https://doi.org/10.1257/app.1.4.1

Riley, E. (2022). Role Models in Movies: The Impact of Queen of Katwe on Students’ Educational Attainment. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 1–48. https://doi.org/10.1162/rest_a_01153

Rubin, J. (2014). Printing and Protestants: An Empirical Test of the Role of Printing in the Reformation. The Review of Economics and Statistics96(2), 270–286. https://doi.org/10.1162/REST_a_00368

Wang, T. (2021). Media, Pulpit, and Populist Persuasion: Evidence from Father Coughlin. American Economic Review111(9), 3064–3092. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.20200513

Xiong, H. (2021). The Political Premium of Television Celebrity. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics13(4), 1–33. https://doi.org/10.1257/app.20190147

Yanagizawa-Drott, D. (2014). Propaganda and Conflict: Evidence from the Rwandan Genocide. The Quarterly Journal of Economics129(4), 1947–1994. https://doi.org/10.1093/qje/qju020



The Local Noodle, Middlebury's Only New Source


A History of Western Philosophy by Betrand Russel

Blindsight by Peter Watts

Anthropology, Economics, and Choice. An excellent criticism of economics from an anthropologist. A lot of criticism of economics is written by people who have no idea what economists do. Chibnik's book is not one of those.

Career and Family. This book focuses mostly on, for a lack of a better word, elite American women. Readers should know that a lot of American Women are still having children before they are 24.

The Genetic Lottery: Why DNA matters for social equality by Kathryn Paige Harden

I really enjoyed The WEIRDest People in the World by Joseph Henrich.
I think this criticizes Henrich's work but have yet to read it.

Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality
Eliezer Yudkowsky has a lot of questionable takes. He worships intelligence and himself. His questionable views are reflected in the book, and the language used really isn't what you'd find in a literature class.
I nonetheless think that this fanfic is a masterpiece and conveys many interesting ideas in a very approachable format. Chapters 38-46 makes an excellent and poetic point on immortality, 51-63 is fun and thrilling to read, my favorite arc spans chapters 66-76, and the conclusion is quite satisfying (and problematic in its own way.) I recommend that you read it.
Also, there is a huge collection of fan fictions about this fan fiction. Here I rank some of them that I have read
    Unriddle the Riddles
    Following the Phoenix
    Following the Phoenix - Flashes
    Significant digits
    Draco Malfoy and the Practice of Rationality
    Ginny Weasley an the Sealed Intelligence

Short stories

A list of links to all short stories, novellas, and one long story written by Liu Cixin. (In Chinese)
Huge fan of his work.

...and I show you how deep the rabbit hole goes by Scott Alexander.
One of the funnier stories. Scott Alexander's short stories are all pretty fun.

Lena: MMAcevedo (Mnemonic Map/Acevedo) by qntm

The Redaction Machine by Ben


Introduction to Higher mathematics: If you want to get into proof-based math, this book is a great place to start.

Yet another introduction to analysis: A much more gentle introduction to real analysis. Great for people who just discovered proof-based math, and want to dig a bit deeper to a specific topic.

Mathematical Methods for Economic Theory

R for Data Science. Great introduction to R. However I would actually recommend first learning a bit of base R before using this book. Any random base R course is fine. At least know what View() does, how to concantonate various vectors, and subset vectors/dataframes using single/double bracket notation.

Introduction to Econometrics with R. I use this as reference book for R and regressions.

Basic Category Theory. Good fun. I also find Robin Traux's notes to be helpful.


Effective Altruism Forum


Astral Codex Ten

Paul Graham


Alexey Guzey

MIT Admissions

Bounded-Error Log

Not Books

How to do Great Work by Paul Graham
Also his What I worked on blog is a good read too.

Pop Culture Detective. A cool YouTube channel with longform video essays on films.

Econ 7818 - Mathematical Statistics at University of Colorado Boulder. Some good measure theory here

MIT opencourseware
(Still a better platform than coursera and edX) Although now that I think about it, ocw is good as a reference material whereas edX, coursera, and MITOnlineLearning is porbably better when you actually want to follow a class from start to finish
Update: The new UI is terrible.

Sneeuw, a documentary film I made for a class, and a tribute to Regen.

Draw a math symbol and this website will tell you how to put it in Latex

2 Immigrant Paths: One Led to Wealth, the Other Ended in Death in Atlanta. New York Times

These people published a guide to homemade vaccines for COVID-19

Harvard's Theoretical Linear Algebra and Real Analysis class (Math 25a/b)
And its more difficult counterpart 55a and 55b.
While we're on the subject of m a t h I'm also including Evan Chen's website cause it has lots of math goddies.

Some class on Market Design

Modelsummary, this r package for making super cool tables with like these embedded histograms and boxplots. I need to learn to use this... Another neat package is skimr.

Learn Norsk

Mindfulness is useless in a pandemic in The Economist Magazine.
Memorable line: "The pandemic has reminded us that the joy we take in planning is as valid as the event itself"

How Japan Handled COVID-19 in the Economist
I have actually never heard of using CO2 concentration as a proxy for how well ventilated a room is before this article. Very cool

An Extremely Detailed Map of the 2024 Election

An Extremely Detailed Map of the 2020 Election

An Extremely Detailed Map of the 2016 Election